Today, October 16, is International Food Day. A date proclaimed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), coinciding with its founding date, October 16, 1945. The purpose of this day is to raise awareness among all people in the world on the world's hunger problem, however, strengthen solidarity in the fight against hunger, poverty and malnutrition.
The above purpose coincides with one of the Sustainable Development Goals to be achieved by 2030, specifically the ODS 2.
ODS 2: ENDING THE FAMILY
The aim of this chapter of the 2030 Agenda is to end hunger, achieve food security and improve nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture by focusing on the most vulnerable groups, such as children, women and the elderly. Ending hunger and all forms of malnutrition is one of the most urgent and widespread milestones to be reached in terms of development.
A purpose behind some alarming data, these are some of them: Today 1 in 9 people do not have enough to eat (about 815 million people in the world), 821 million suffer from malnutrition - most of these are women-, 155 million children suffer from chronic malnutrition and may suffer the effects of growth retardation throughout their lives. Malnutrition causes 45% of deaths in children under five, 3.1 million children each year.
On a day like today it is very necessary to emphasize the importance of this SDG on the world stage, as extreme hunger and malnutrition they continue to be a huge obstacle to sustainable development. They cause people to be less productive and more prone to disease, so they are not usually able to increase their income and improve their livelihoods. As noted above, about 821 million people in the world suffer from malnutrition, the vast majority of whom are in developed countries.
The data announced are unacceptable on planet Earth, as it is capable of producing enough to feed the entire population. Poor food collection and waste practices (more than 1 billion tonnes of food each year) that contribute to food shortages, along with soil, water and environmental degradation and , the effects of climate change, are some of the factors that generate hunger and poverty. However, the wars have negatively affected the availability of food and led to the destruction of the environment, which is essential for growing crops.
The task of ending hunger by 2030 involves promoting sustainable farming practices through support for smallholder farmers and equal access to land, technology and markets. In addition, international cooperation is required to ensure investment in the infrastructure and technology needed to improve agricultural productivity. It takes about $ 267 billion to invest in rural and urban areas and in social protection, so that people with fewer resources have access to food and the opportunity to improve their quality of life.
There are ten years left to reach the 2030 Agenda, it is necessary to join forces between countries and companies, institutions and individuals to obtain sustainable food systems and not leave anyone behind. The SDGs are global, a world with zero hunger is a key part of building a better future for all, it has a positive influence on the economy, health, education and general social development. The United Nations invites the public to collaborate in the World Movement, participating in the initiative "The Zero Hunger Challenge" (www.zerohungerchallenge.org).