The International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is celebrated every year on October 17. This date was recognized by the United Nations in 1992 and was set to raise awareness in the world about the need to eradicate poverty and indigence around the world. Yesterday was International Food Day, a date proclaimed by the FAO that aims to raise awareness among all people in the world about the global food problem. These dates are reminiscent of poverty and lack of access to safe and adequate food, two interrelated issues that afflict too many people today and are absolutelly in human basic.
The United Nations 2030 Agenda wants to leave no one behind ending poverty in all its forms is the first chapter of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals.
SDG 1: ENDING POVERTY
More than 700 million people continue to live in extreme poverty and struggle to meet basic needs, such as health, education, access to water and sanitation, and a long etc.
Poverty in figures: 736 million people live in an environment of extreme poverty, 11% of the World population lives in extreme poverty, or 1 of 10 people in the world. Approximately 1.3 billion people live in multidimensional poverty (deficiencies in the areas of health, education and standard of living), 50% living in poverty are under eighteen, 80% of people living on less than $ 1.90 a day live in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Currently 30 million children grow up poor in the richest countries in the world.
Eradicating poverty remains one of the greatest challenges for humanity. It is undeniable that in recent decades there has been remarkable progress in poverty reduction, but due to the health crisis COVID-19 has intensified considerably. Research published by the World Development Institute for Development Economics at the United Nations University warns that the economic consequences of the global pandemic could increase poverty worldwide to 500 million people. more.
Poverty goes beyond the lack of money and resources, it is one of the obstacles to enjoying a dignified life. Its manifestations include hunger, malnutrition, lack of decent housing and limited access to basic services. It also entails discrimination, social exclusion and an attack on human rights.
The 2030 Agenda proposes actions to eradicate extreme poverty such as improving social protection and coverage of poor and vulnerable people, ensuring equal opportunities for access to financial services, basic services and appropriate technologies, ownership and control. of land and other goods and to natural resources. All this requires resources, development cooperation, regulatory frameworks and policies that take into account gender issues, however, as most poor people are women.
Ending poverty is possible, according to economist Jeffrey Sachs, it takes less than 1% of the annual income of the richest countries in the world. It is a global issue that involves cooperation between actors in the public and private sectors, the scientific and academic community and civil society, to implement the solution that challenges us and obliges us all as human beings.